Merging accidents occur when two or more vehicles attempt to move into the same lane simultaneously, often resulting in collisions and potential injuries. These accidents are often due to driver negligence, failure to signal, misjudgment of distance or speed, and improper lane changes.

In Indiana, if another driver causes you injuries in a merging crash, you can seek compensation for damages. However, you must prove fault by showing they violated right-of-way rules or acted negligently, which resulted in the collision.

If a merging driver injured you, our Indianapolis car crash attorney at Wagner Reese can help you determine fault and seek a fair settlement from their insurer for your damages.

Right-of-Way Laws for Merging onto the Highway

Right-of-way laws help ensure safe and efficient traffic flow, particularly when merging onto a highway with fast moving traffic. The following outline Indiana’s right-of-way laws and general tips for merging safely onto roads or highways:

  • Yield to existing traffic: When merging onto a highway, drivers are generally required to yield the right-of-way to vehicles already traveling on the highway. This means drivers entering the highway must wait for a safe gap in traffic before proceeding, and should not assume other drivers will make space for them.
  • Use of acceleration lanes: Many highway entrances are designed with acceleration lanes, allowing merging vehicles to increase speed and match traffic flow. Drivers entering the highway should use these acceleration lanes to gain sufficient momentum and smoothly merge with traffic.
  • Proper signal usage: Drivers must indicate their intention to merge using their vehicle’s turn signals. Signaling helps communicate their intentions to other drivers on the highway, providing them with advance notice of the merging maneuver.
  • Maintain a safe speed: It is crucial for merging drivers to maintain a safe speed while entering the highway. They should strive to match the speed of the traffic on the highway, neither excessively slowing down nor recklessly speeding up, to ensure a smooth and safe merge.
  • Adjusting speed and position: Merging drivers should be attentive to the flow of traffic on the highway and adjust their speed and position. They may need to accelerate or decelerate to find a suitable gap for merging safely. Additionally, drivers should be mindful of their position in the merging lane and make necessary adjustments to merge smoothly without impeding traffic.
  • Cooperative merging: Both merging drivers and drivers on the highway should practice cooperative merging. Drivers on the highway should be aware of merging vehicles and make reasonable adjustments, such as changing lanes if necessary, to accommodate safe merging.

Who is At-Fault for a Merging Accident?

Multiple factors determine fault when a merging accident occurs. Your attorney with Wagner Reese can look at the following elements to understand what caused the crash and the liability of the other driver:

  • Failure to yield: If a driver fails to yield the right-of-way while merging onto the highway and causes an accident, they may be considered at fault. Failing to properly check blind spots, disregarding traffic signs or signals, or merging when it is unsafe can all contribute to crashing when merging.
  • Speeding: If a driver is traveling at an unsafe speed while merging, they may be partially or entirely at fault if an accident occurs. Speeding reduces the time available for a driver to react and make safe merging decisions.
  • Distracted driving: If a driver is distracted by activities such as texting, talking on the phone, or engaging in any behavior that diverts their attention from the road, and this distraction causes an accident while merging, they may be at fault.
  • Impaired driving: If a driver is under the influence of alcohol, drugs, or any substance that impairs their ability to operate a vehicle safely, and this impairment contributes to a merging accident, they are likely to be at fault.
  • Failure to signal: Indiana law requires drivers to use turn signals when changing lanes or merging. If drivers fail to use their signals appropriately while merging and cause an accident, they may be at fault for the collision.

Seek Compensation with the Help of an Indianapolis Attorney

If you’re hurt in a merging accident, you deserve compensation from the party who caused your injuries. At Wagner Reese, we understand merging right-of-way laws and can help you prove that the other driver failed to obey traffic rules and is responsible for your damages.

We can gather evidence, such as traffic cameras, dashcam footage, witness testimony, and forensic evidence from the scene, to build a solid case on your behalf and win you a fair settlement. Contact our car accident attorneys today to set up a free consultation and receive our legal guidance regarding your case.