A new report published in the
Journal of the American Medical Association found that the brains of former NFL players, as well as those of college
and high school football athletes, showed evidence of a disease called
chronic traumatic encephalopathy, or
CTE, suggesting it may be related to prior participation in the sport. Scientists
concluded that repeated blows to the head increase risks for developing
CTE, leading to progressive loss of normal brain matter and an abnormal
buildup of protein. The report summarized research conducted on more than
200 deceased former football players’ brains since it is currently
believed that CTE can only be diagnosed by examining brains after death.
Families who participated in the study felt it was important to contribute
because of the players’ repeated concussions and troubling symptoms
before death. The
study findings also revealed that the most severe disease was found in former professional
players and mild CTE disease was found in all three former high school players.
Additional report findings:
• CTE was diagnosed in 177 former players — or nearly 90 percent
of brains studied.
• 110 of 111 brains from former NFL players
• 48 of 53 college players
• 9 of 14 semi-professional players
• 7 of 8 Canadian Football league players
• 3 of 14 high school players
• The average age of death among all players studied was 66.
• Among 27 participants with mild CTE pathology, 26 (96%) had behavioral
or mood symptoms or both, 23 (85%) had cognitive symptoms, and 9 (33%)
had signs of dementia.
• Among 84 participants with severe CTE pathology, 75 (89%) had behavioral
or mood symptoms or both, 80 (95%) had cognitive symptoms, and 71 (85%)
had signs of dementia.
As reported, “the most common cause of death for participants with mild CTE
pathology was suicide (12 [27%]) and for those with severe CTE pathology
was neurodegenerative (ie, Dementia-related and Parkinson-related causes
of death) (62 [47%]).”
Latest statistics collected by the National Institutes of Health (NIH),
say there are 3.2 million cases of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI)
each year, and 1.5 million cases are sports-related.
Although not common in all high school aged football players, CTE is a
brain disease linked with the repeated head blows similar to the ones
that cause concussions and other types of traumatic brain injuries. Most
medical experts believe high school football ranks as the most dangerous
sport related to concussions and serious head blows. Because of the high
impact of this sport, and the lack of viable safety equipment and funding
for such items at many schools, high school football players of all ages
continue to sustain an excessive amount of concussions each year.
If your child is gearing up for the Indiana high school football season,
you need to take note of research studies like this. Being informed on
what a concussion or traumatic brain injury can turn into can help parents
identify when their children are in dangerous situations caused by high
school football injuries that coaches and administrators are not catching.
A summer annual concussion conference led by the
American Academy of Neurology, shared results of an Indiana University study of how Hoosier school administrators
were dealing with concussion. Of the 157 principals surveyed, only 34
percent had received training on returning to learn after a concussion.
Perhaps worse was that 42 percent of the principals said they had had
only one to five students with a concussion in the previous year. The
data from other studies would advise that in a school of 1000 students,
dozens of concussions would be expected. Although concussion protocols
have been in effect for high school coaches and administrators for several
years, improved legislation in Indiana took effect on July 1, 2017 ensuring
coaches of all sports ranging from grades five through 12 are required
to go through concussion certification courses to help prevent, identify,
and treat head injuries.
Parents should also be able to align with their child’s coach and
school to help recognize symptoms, acknowledge uncommon behaviors, and
promptly treat them.
Indiana’s concussion protocol says, “If a student athlete has
had a bump, blow or jolt to the head or body, the student may be assessed
by an athletic trainer or a licensed health care provider, if available.
The athletic trainer or health care provider can make a first assessment
of the student athlete at the time of injury. If the student exhibits
any of the danger signs associated with a concussion, the student athlete
should receive immediate medical attention.”
Recognizing a concussion or other serious head injury in your student athlete
requires awareness of the warning signs. If not addressed, concussions
and other serious head injuries can lead to traumatic brain injury issues
or even CTE, creating difficulties down the road.
Indiana University provides this list of concussion symptoms to guide you:
• Fuzzy or Blurry vision
• Nausea or vomiting (early on)
• Sensitivity to noise or light
• Feeling sluggish, tired, or groggy
• Feeling unusually irritable
• Sleeping more or less than usual
• Trouble falling asleep
• More emotional
• Nervousness or anxiety
• Difficulty thinking clearly
• Difficulty concentrating
• Difficulty remembering new information
If a student athlete does exhibit even one of these symptoms, a concussion
should be suspected and the student athlete should be removed from play,
the athlete’s parents should be notified, the athlete should not
return to play for a minimum of 24 hours and not before being evaluated
by a licensed health care provider and a written clearance must be completed.
traumatic brain injury attorneys at Wagner Reese can assist you in recovering the compensation you deserve
for the concussion you have received. Was your child’s brain injury
improperly diagnosed, or ignored by your student’s school? Help
us raise awareness for the seriousness of these injuries and hold coaches,
schools, and doctors accountable for properly treating and caring for
our children. Give us a call at (888) 204-8440 today.