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Brain Injury Awareness Month: Signs & Symptoms of a TBI

Jason Reese


  • March is Brain Injury Awareness Month.
  • Serious head injuries, or what are sometimes referred to as Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBI), are more prevalent than most know and impact millions of Americans.
  • Head and brain injuries can have serious long-term effects, and the results can be life-altering.
  • In addition, some serious car accidents can cause concussions and whiplash that create lasting complications that eventually reveal a more serious brain injury.
  • Anyone who has experienced brain injury signs and symptoms should seek medical care immediately and get to an emergency room to be assessed by a professional.

Join Wagner Reese in Observing Brain Injury Awareness Month

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of death and disability for 1.7 million people living in the United States. This life-changing injury also contributes to about 30 percent of all injury deaths, leaving victims’ families with feelings of grief and emotional stress, and financial burdens.

TBIs are a factor in over 30 percent of all injury-related deaths even though nearly 75 percent of all TBIs happen in the form of a concussion or other type of mild brain injury. While males are more likely to suffer a TBI than females, youth ages 5–14 years and young adults, ages 15–24 years account for nearly 56 percent of TBI deaths related to motor vehicle traffic crashes.

Each year, the Brain Injury Association of America (BIAA) leads the nation in observing March as Brain Injury Awareness Month to bring more public awareness to TBI causes and symptoms. Because we serve many clients with this same injury, the legal team at Wagner Reese wants to help share these messages.

Motor Vehicle Crashes Result in Largest Percentage of TBI Deaths

There are four leading causes for traumatic brain injuries: falls, auto accidents, impact (struck by an object or striking an object or person such as sports collisions), and assaults. However, among all age groups, motor vehicle crashes and traffic-related incidents result in the largest percentage of TBI-related deaths.

There are several types of TBI, including:

  • Concussion: This is a closed head injury that is the result of an impact or blow to the head that affects how the brain functions typically.
  • Cerebral Contusion: A brain bruise from direct impact. Large contusions, often require surgery, especially when there is brain swelling.
  • Coup and Contrecoup: These are injuries associated with cerebral contusions and occur where the impact was hard enough to jar the brain into shifting and creating contusions on both sides of the head.
  • Diffuse-Axonal: Nerve tissue tears as the brain does not keep up with the movement of the skull. Diffuse-Axonal TBIs are often caused by shaking or strong rotational forces.
  • Penetration: An object, such as a nail or bullet, physically penetrates the head and brain.

In some rare cases involving automobile accidents, whiplash may even cause a TBI.

All of these injuries can be costly to treat, typically requiring long-term therapy or even invasive surgeries that take months of rehabilitation and recovery time and can include a cerebral hemorrhage. It’s best to get familiar with the common signs and symptoms of a TBI to recognize and address the issue quickly.


  • Headaches
  • Sleep disturbance
  • Dizziness
  • Balance problems
  • Nausea/vomiting
  • Fatigue
  • Visual disturbances
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Ringing in the ears


  • Concentration problems
  • Temporary gaps in memory
  • Attention problems
  • Slowed thinking
  • Difficulty finding words


  • Irritability
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Mood swings

Traumatic Brain Injury Representation

With years of experience handling brain injury cases, Steve Wagner and Jason Reese, understand the nuances required to succeed in complex brain injury cases. Our medical malpractice and brain injury attorneys at Wagner Reese can help restore the balance of power, providing you the legal support and advice you need so that you can focus on your own health and healing.

Connect with us by submitting our online form and our attorneys will review your information and respond promptly. If you wish to speak directly with us, please call (888) 204-8440.


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